Health and Hygiene Controls in international means of transport and international ports and airports facilities


Updated as of March 23, 2021



From November 23rd, 2020, all passengers who come from a risk country/area in relation to the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, must present, in order to enter Spain, a certificate with a NEGATIVE PCR result (COVID-19 RT-PCR), carried out in the 72 hours before arrival in Spain.

From December 10th, 2020, TMA (Transcription-Mediated Amplification) and RT-LAMP (Reverse Transcriptase Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification), have been incorporated as accepted diagnostic tests in addition to PCR. Also, from this date, children under 6 years old are exempt from diagnostic testing for active SARS-CoV-2 infection, in order to enter Spain.

Travel agencies, tour operators, air or maritime transport companies and any other agent that sells individual tickets or tickets as part of a combined trip must inform passengers, at the beginning of the process of selling tickets to Spain, as well as in the process of issuing the boarding pass, of the obligation to present the Health Control Form at the destination airport or port. Likewise, if the country or area of origin of the trip is classified as high-risk, they must report the obligation to have a certificate of a SARS-CoV-2 PCR/TMA with a negative result, carried out within 72 hours prior to arrival.

Upon arrival in Spain, passengers who, coming from a country or risk zone, do not adequately accredit a negative PCR/TMA for SARS-CoV-2, carried out within 72 hours prior to arrival, must undergo an Active Infection Diagnostic Test (AIDT) established by the Foreign Health Services. Likewise, those passengers who, after carrying out temperature controls, visual control or documentary control, are determined to be suspected of having COVID-19, must also undergo an AIDT.

Alternatively, passengers may be required to carry out a COVID-19 RT-PCR test within 48 hours of arrival, whose must be communicated to the Foreign Health Services by the means indicated for this purpose.

It is a necessary measure from an epidemiological point of view to minimize the risks associated with the arrival of travellers from countries or areas with a high incidence.

It is in accordance with the principles contemplated in Council Recommendation (EU) 2020/1475 of 13 October 2020 on a coordinated approach to the restriction of free movement in response to the COVID-19 pandemic , which establishes the criteria and the common framework on the measures to be applied to travellers from high-risk areas, and in Council Recommendation (EU) 2020/1632 of October 30, 2020, on a coordinated approach to the restriction of free movement in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the Schengen area.

For more information, please see the FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS, FAQs (PDF) File pdf. Will open in a new window


All passengers arriving in Spain by air or sea must undergo a health control before entering the country. Those controls may include a temperature control, a documentary control and a visual control of the passenger's condition.

Royal Decree Law 23/2020, of June 23, which approves measures in the field of energy and in other areas for economic reactivation, provides in its sixth additional provision that the Ministry of Health will determine the necessary health controls for passengers arriving in Spain by air or sea and the scope of those controls, being responsible for their execution. The health control prior to entry will be carried out at the first Spanish port or airport where the passenger arrives.

The temperature will be taken using non-contact thermometers or thermal imaging cameras. Personal data and images captured by thermal imaging cameras will not be stored, and the passenger's privacy must be guaranteed at all times.

In case of arrival of passengers on an international trip to a Spanish port, the shipping companies, under the supervision of Foreign Health, will take their temperature before r arrival.

With regard to the documentary control , all passengers originating in any airport or port located outside of Spain must fill out a public health form called "Health Control Form", whose content varies depending on whether the trip is by air or by sea. If the passenger's arrival is by air, he or she must fill in this form through the website Will open in a new window or through the free SPAIN TRAVEL HEALTH-SpTH application (available for Android, iOS).

When the traveller uses the sea route, until the computer system for this route is enabled, or when in exceptional cases it has not been possible to fill out the Health Control Form electronically, the passenger must present the paper form upon arrival in Spain, on DIN A4 paper, double-sided completed as instructed for download.

As part of the documentary control carried out at the entry points, the passenger may be requested, at any time, to accredit the result of the AIDT. The supporting document must be the original, must be written in Spanish and/or English and may be submitted in paper or electronic format. The document must contain, at least, the following information: name of the traveller, passport or ID number (which must coincide with the one used on the Health Control Form), test date, identification and contact details of the centre that performs the analysis, the used technique and the negative test result.

Exceptionally, the non-performance of the PCR at origin may be admitted, regardless of the passenger's country of origin, to seafarers who arrive in Spain after finalizing their campaign on board of a ship or in transit to embark or disembark, having to justify their condition as a crew member and the impediments to undergo a test, without prejudice to the application of the provisions of the sixth section of the Resolution of November 11, 2020, of the General Directorate of Public Health, relative to health controls to be carried out at entry points in Spain.

Health evaluation

Passengers with a temperature higher than 37.5ºC and those who are determined to be suspected of having COVID-19 or another transmissible pathology after visual control or after analyzing the information contained in the Health Control Form, must undergo a health evaluation, which will include an assessment of their clinical and epidemiological status and the performance of an Active Infection Diagnostic Test (AIDT), if necessary.

If, after the health evaluation, the suspicion that the passenger suffers from a pathology that could pose a risk to public health is confirmed, if the passenger is identified as a close contact of a COVID-19 case or a positive result is obtained after carrying out a AIDT for SARS-CoV-2, the health alert protocols established in coordination with the health authorities of the autonomous communities will be activated. For this purpose, the health authority may request the collaboration of other administrative agency, civil servants or other institutions.

The personal data required in public health actions will be treated in accordance with the Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, Organic Law 3/2018, of December 5, on Protection of Personal Data and Guarantee of Digital Rights and other related regulations and in Law 41/2002, of November 14, Basic regulating the Autonomy of the Patient and Rights and Obligations in the matter of Information and Clinical Documentation.

Printable Health Control Form for travellers to Spain / Formulario de control sanitario (FCS) imprimible para viajeros con destino España / Formulaire de Contrôle Sanitaire imprimable pour les voyageurs à destination de l’Espagne / Druckbares Gesundheitskontrollformular für Reisende nach Spanien

You must print this form, in DIN A4 format, completed on both sides, before traveling so as to be able to show it at the health control in the airport/port of your arrival in Spain.


Find out about the health control legislation in the following link.

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